High speed internet broadband services have made our complicated communications so simple today.
It’s a bare necessity for your home or business butthe right pick can make your life more comfortable and easy. Apart from mobility and speed, a clear focus on value-for-money broadband packagescould never just fade away.
Know all about high speed internet broadband access as we bring you to a quick guide on the features and the types of broadband services that are accessible across the globe –
Broadband: An overview
Broadband is commonly used to denote high-speed internet that allows consumers to download information, files and clips online. It is also a great source of entertainment, music, quick access to digital radio and so on.
Users can enjoy high speed internet access, send and receive email fast and do everything else online within a fraction of seconds. Broadband works at almost 40 times the speed of dial-up modem connections and hence it is becoming a preferable choice for businesses, public services and entertainment sectors.
Access to fast internet
Broadband internet can give you different levels of speed no matter where you use it – business or home.
It’s a permanent connection for high-speed internet transmission where you find multiple plans (in terms of speed) and access services focusing on your requirements for download and upload of multimedia content, graphic, images, videos, music, networking and lot more.
Users can get an access to high speed internet through satellite, cable box or phone line. Start-up costs for installation is common for all.
A Connection that’s ‘always on’
With this feature of high speed broadband connections, you practically enjoy the real benefits of a connection faster than dial-up modems. While logging on to the dial-up connections may be a nuisance each time, a broadband is a faster internet connectivity that rather allows you to look up something online almost instantly without having to wait to connect. Hence, broadband internet with its ‘always on’ benefit is faster and non-fussy.
Even though broadband services are often declared as being more expensive when compared to dial-up, it becomes important to understand the price factor in relation to internet usage before believing on what may just look like a theory.
Each time a frequent dial-up user connects, it also equates with the number of phone calls made during an entire month further adding it to the cost of your monthly plan.
Another point of concern here is that with a dedicated second phone line, users are paying more line rental fees too. With broadband, you can share the access to high speed internet across multiple PCs or tablets.
Wireless services, ADSL, satellite and cable modem might require more for installation but this can be negotiable at times. In the long run, it proves to be beneficial on price factor when compared with dial-up modem’s lower speed internet access which actually tends to cost you more.
Types of high speed internet broadband services
First things first, decide on the type of connection you require. With multiple choices available in high-speed internet services set-up, you don’t really have to worry about whether a broadband service can meet your requirements on speed, budget and location (of your office or home where you want to setup).
#1 – ISDN
One among not so many high-speed solutions before the advent of DSL, ISDN or Integrated services digital network can allow a speed of anything between 64Kbps and 128Kbps and this speed can reach up to 256Kbps. It may not appear as quick as DSL or cable and is slightly expensive.
#2 – DSL
Telephone networks don’t carry data at higher speeds; their job always was to convert your voice into electrical signal with modems converting digital signals to analog signals. These are further carried on phone lines that have technical limitations in terms of speed which can go only up to 56Kps.
Here a naked broadbandor DSL (digital subscriber line) comes into action. They make use of phone line and carry those digital signals directly without even requiring to convert them to analog.
A result of this is high speed internet connection that is always on. ADSL or Asymmetric Digital Subscriber is also readily available to small businesses and consumers.
#3 – ADSL modems
ADSL is added to existing analog phone lines with the help of a special modem that is being plugged into your system or PC through USB connection or Ethernet.
A network card is also required for the connection. With the help of copper wire connections, phones are connected to phone exchange. Here the distance might be a problem for the rural residents whereas for the city residents, there usually isn’t any major issue with access.
Hence telephone companies require installing special equipments at telephone exchange in order to manage requirements of ADSL connections.
You need to check with yourbroadband providers in order to find out if the copper wires surrounding your area are suitable for the DSL access. It is believed that more than 70% of the copper wires go well with DSL requirements.
ADSL access is available at different range of speeds even reaching up to 10Mbps. In order to avoid favoring consumers located close to exchange with regards to higher speed access, carriers cap services at 1.5Mps rate so that all users can enjoy similar speed.
SDSL, high bit-rate DSL and DSL services are exclusively targeted at larger businesses and SME. HDSL, a symmetrical service like SDSL, is primarily apt for business grade service offering a speed of up to 1.5Mbps. Businesses performing on web hosting and teleconferencing require such symmetrical services offering upstream speed.
VDSL is another option for high speed internet offering a speed of up to 50Mbps capable of running on existing single copper pairs. Customers not located close enough to exchange might not get complete benefits of this kind of service and it may also appear expensive to them.
#4 – Cable
Those fibre networks that you thought only favored cable TV at home can actually do lot more than just that. A great source for fast internet access, they work with HFC (Hybrid Fibre-coaxial) networks capable of carrying high speed data.
An internet access through cable or fibre broadband networks is “shared” allowing more subscribers to share fixed bandwidth. However, with more people sharing the same service, downloading may be slower than expected.
A cable modem is required after installation of cable. Use of cable operators compliant with DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification) is common.
Getting fibre installed can take time but then it’s worth your time and effort. It is believed that by next few years, almost 80% of fibrebroadband networks in New Zealand will be installed in their streets and be available in their homes, as exemplified by the growing amount of cheap consumer fibre broadband providers (such as BigPipe).
#5 – Satellite
A feasible alternative to cable and ADSL services, internet access through satellite has its own set of limitations. However, this is treated as a reliable and faster internet service particularly in the rural areas. Asynchronous and Synchronous are the two common types of satellite services in use today.
Broadband satellite service connecting users to internet through 2-way satellite connection also promises higher internet speed of 512Kbps. It is also an ‘always on’ connection where the information is exchanged between dish, satellite and satellite equipment through special satellite modem connected to your PC.
Wireless broadband services commonly centered around IEEE 802.11 with 802.11b commonly called Wi-Fi are popular. Here a base station is connected to wired network where data is transmitted wirelessly across multiple systems – laptops, desktops, handheld PCs, etc.
Multiple users equipped with the multiple wireless receiver cards in systems and base stations can access internet on the network.
Conclusion – Summing up
If you’re planning to use high speed internet broadband services for your home or business, you will need to look out for various differentiators such as price and packages, network configurations, multiple user access, technical support, security and an improved network performance. Choose wisely!